The Role of the ‘Post Graduate Diploma in Secondary School Teaching’ Program in Improving the Quality of Teaching in Eastern Ethiopian Secondary Schools

  • Sisay Wondemetegegn Haramaya University College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Adult Education and Community Development
  • Anwar Ahmed Haramaya University College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Adult Education and Community Development
  • Tamrat Zelalem Haramaya University College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Adult Education and Community Development

Abstract

This study dealt with the role of the Postgraduate Diploma in
Secondary School Teaching (PGDT) program in improving the quality of
teaching in Eastern Ethiopian secondary schools. The study used a mixed research design that integrated both qualitative and quantitative research
methods concurrently. The data was collected from 140 respondents, comprised of 83 teachers and 57 school leaders (i.e., mentors, principals, and head
teachers) of 14 secondary schools found in four zones of Eastern Ethiopia.
The researchers used simple random sampling to select secondary schools,
whereas teachers and school leaders were selected using purposive and expert sampling techniques respectively. Quantitative data was collected via
a questionnaire and qualitative data through focus group discussion (FGD),
interview, and observation. The data is analyzed both in a qualitative and
a quantitative manner. The findings of the study showed that PGDT graduates
seem to be contributing their part to enhancing quality education by raising high order thinking questions, implementing classroom activities such
as: problem-solving, cooperative leaning, discussion and brainstorming,

^L1/2016 (9)

Multidisciplinary Journal of School Education

Sisay Awgichew Wondemetegegn
Anwar Ahmed
Tamrat Zelalem

166

frequently managing the classroom for active learning implementation, using
exercises to elicit students’ ideas, knowledge and skills and encouraging students to become active participants in classrooms. This is considered to be an
encouraging trend for the desired improvement in teaching quality. The result of this study also demonstrated that PGDT graduates have good subject
matter knowledge and apply it effectively in their classrooms. The grand mean
of teachers’ and school leaders’ responses related with their subject matter
knowledge is 4.33 and 3.81, respectively. This seemed to exist because of their
undergraduate program; they have had an opportunity to attain various major
courses in the three-year bachelor program. After that, in order to become
a high school teacher, they had to attend a one-year or a two-summer long
PGDT program to equip them with fundamental pedagogical skills. This is understood as the benefit of the new teacher-education program. Despite all of
these facts and in contrast with the teachers’ response, the researchers observed that in most Eastern Ethiopia secondary schools teaching was dominated by traditional methods of teaching or lecturing. This approach makes
students passive, less confident, unreflective and poorly motivated to enjoy
learning. Furthermore, concerning students learning assessment, an inconsistency of application was observed. Therefore, the researchers suggested that
the Ethiopian Ministry of Education, in collaboration with higher learning institutions and teacher-training colleges, would have to provide continuous
training for secondary school teachers about student assessment, active and
constructivist methods of teaching to enhance quality education and produce
robust graduates fit for the 21st century world of work and consciousness.

Keywords: quality, teaching, PGDT

Author Biographies

Sisay Wondemetegegn, Haramaya University College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Adult Education and Community Development
Lecturer at Haramaya University (Ethiopia). He has a research interests in the area of Child and Adult Education, Teacher Education, Instructional Technology, Multicultural Issue and Higher Education Curriculum in comparative perspectives. He has been provided training for the last ten years in various areas of education such as Teaching Methods/ Active Learning, Cooperative Learning, Instructional Planning, Balanced Score Card (BSC), Action Research, School Improvement Program (SIP) and Integrated Functional Adult Literacy.
Anwar Ahmed, Haramaya University College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Adult Education and Community Development
Mr. Anwar is a Lecturer at Haramaya University (Ethiopia). His first degree is Chemistry (major) and Mathematics (minor) from Arbaminch University and second degree is Curriculum & Instruction from Jimma University. Currently, Mr. Anwar is a lecturer and active participant in conducting rigorous researches and community services. Furthermore, he is a Progam Design and Review Support Team Leader at Haramaya University. His research interest areas include Teacher Education, Teaching and Learning in Higher Institution, Teachers Professional Development, Teaching Strategies in Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary Education.

Tamrat Zelalem, Haramaya University College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Adult Education and Community Development
Mr. Tamrat is a Lecturer at Haramaya University, College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychology. He obtained two separate Master’s Degrees from Addis Ababa University: Counseling Psychology and Clinical Psychology. Mr. Tamrat is a Clinical Psychologist and lecturer. His research interest lies with Mental Health and Early Childhood Practices or Parenting.
Published
2017-02-21
How to Cite
Wondemetegegn, S., Ahmed, A., & Zelalem, T. (2017). The Role of the ‘Post Graduate Diploma in Secondary School Teaching’ Program in Improving the Quality of Teaching in Eastern Ethiopian Secondary Schools. Multidisciplinary Journal of School Education, 9(1). Retrieved from https://czasopisma.ignatianum.edu.pl/jpe/article/view/733