The Causes of Re-exam and Its Role of in Improving Academic Achievement of Low Scoring Students in Haramaya University
Re-exam is a form of supplementary assessment designed to provide second opportunity for students who scored final course marks between [30 and 40). This study employed survey design that involves both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Questionnaire, interview and document analysis for collecting data from both primary and secondary sources were designed and executed. 315 students and 15 instructors were incorporated as a sample using stratified random and purposive sampling techniques respectively. Available sampling technique was utilized to add 10 cluster registrar heads and 18 registrar data managers as a sample. The finding of the study showed that: poor academic background of the students, health problem at the time of exam and deliberately scoring FX grade were the main causes that expose students to score FX grade. Additionally, it was found out that, majority of students scored FX grade in across departmental courses than home base courses. The finding further indicated that, re-exam is playing great role in helping low achieving students to improve their academic achievement as 43% of the students who scored FX grade in their first assessment have scored C and above marks after re-exam. The relationship between study year level and the number of students who scored FX grade (r = -0.92, p < 0.05) is negative and significant. The computed t-test result t(971) = 1.0, p> 0.05 indicated that males and females are not differed significantly on their achievement of re-exam
Key words: Academic achievement; FX grade; Re-exam
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